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The Canadian Cycling Association's Paralympic program was created in 1996. The CCA has completely integrated the Paralympic program into our National Team Program. These athletes benefit from the same support as other National Team members including having access to the Sport Canada Athlete Assistance Program (AAP). A dedicated national team coach, Stephen Burke, is in place and the athletes benefit from the opportunities presented to them through the national team program (training camps, national championships, European Cups), each culminating in participation at the IPC World Championships.
Every four years, our top Paralympic athletes have the opportunity to represent Canada at the Paralympic Games. The CCA works closely with the Canadian Paralympic Committee in the preparation and coordination of our team to this event.
Finally, for the continued identification, recruitment and development of new athletes, the CCA must continue to work closely with various organizations that deal with persons with a disability, including the Canadian Cerebral Palsy Sports Association (CCPSA), the Canadian Amputee Sports Association (CASA), and the Canadian Blind Sports Association (CBSA).
IPC Cycling became part of the UCI in September 2006.
Cycling has been part of the Paralympic Games since 1992 although athletes with a disability have been competing in cycling since the early 1980s . Cycling competitions include the following events: Road Events: o 100/120km Tandem, 50/60km Tandem, Mixed Tandem 60/70km o Mixed 65/75km, 55/65km, 45/55km o Mixed 5km, Mixed 20km, Mixed 1500km Tricycle, Mixed 5km Tricycle Track Events: o Individual Pursuit, 200m Sprint, 1km Individual Time Trial (ITT) In tandem cycling men and women compete separately (except for the mixed tandem 60/70km). However, all other events are mixed.
Cycling events are open to all athletes with physical and visual disabilities. However, not all events are offered to all athletes. Example, tandem competitors (blind and partially sighted athletes) compete in track and road events while athletes with cerebral pasly only compete in road events. Competitors are classified into 3 broad categories with separate events for each: 1. Athletes With Locomotor Disabilities: Cyclists with locomotor disabilities compete in road and track events using bicycles specifically constructed for their needs. 2. Athletes with Cerebral Palsy (CP): Athletes with CP compete in road events only using standard racing bikes and, in some classes, tricycles. 3. Athletes who are Blind and Partially Sighted: Athletes who are blind and partially sighted compete in road and track events using tandem bicycles. Bikes are piloted by a sighted teammate (called a pilot). Disability Categories Events Locomotor Disabilities Road Events and Track Events Cerebral Palsy Road Events Blind & Partially Sighted Road Events and Track Events.
Cycling is governed by the rules and regulations of the UCI (Union Cycliste Internationale) together with the following rule modifications: o Amateur riders may race as pilots, provided they have not been selected by their national federation for any of the UCI-listed events in the previous three calendar years. o No professional riders may compete as a pilot. o An ex-professional rider must not have held a professional license for three calendar years and must not be earning all or part of his/her living from cycle racing for a period of three calendar years.
Cyclists at Paralympic Games and other IPC sanctioned events such a the World Championships must fit one of the four disability categories (locomotor, cerebral palsy or blind and visually impaired, handcycling). Each disability category is divided into various classifications.
- Locomotor Disabilities (LC); division LC 1, LC 2, LC 3, LC 4, from minor (LC 1) to more severe (LC 4) disabilities.
- Cerebral Palsy (CP); division CP 4, CP 3, CP 2, CP 1, from the least severely disabled riders (CP 4) to the more severely disabled athletes who race on tricycles (CP 1).
- Blind & Visually Impaired (B & VI)
- Handcycling (HC), division A, B and C (from the more severely disabled (A) to the partially disabled athletes (C), based on the level of spinal cord lesion.
Mountain Bike Amputee
A great site for cyclists, with information regarding modifications, racing, links and stories.
International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
Official site of the Paralympics. Links to past and present games, great photos and individual sports information.
Union Cycliste Internationale official site for riders with disabilities